Ships of the Civil War

During the Civil War, both Union military and the Confederation was better known in history for their technological advances in shipbuilding instead of its military strategy

For its time, the USS Monitor represented technology and was the mother of the screen, a shallow draft boat that is mounted under water is a difficult target for enemy weapons. The monitors are used for coastal bombardment of targets.

The original USS Monitor was the creation of a Swedish engineer John Ericsson. It contained over forty innovations that could be patented. The USS Monitor was designed for use in the Union blockade of the coast of the Confederacy. His helmet was covered with two inches thick and the plate below shield was inoculated with a thickness of one inch iron. Its most notable feature is the rotating armored turret, for the first time in the history of the United States Naval. Unfortunately, the USS Monitor was not a ship seaworthy. She had the USS Virginia, the famous battle of the Civil War in Hampton Roads. Although no definitive winner emerged from participation remains strong in maritime history as the first battle between ironclads, and marked the disappearance of anti-ship timber. Because of their lack of airworthiness, the USS Monitor was lost in a storm at Cape Hatteras, North Carolina.

The South was a disadvantage during the Civil War as it was primarily an agricultural area with little industry and the Union took advantage of this by establishing a blockade of the coast that has hampered the import of equipment war necessary. Confederation, and the hope of creating a navy capable of meeting the Union forces through the use of gowns iron ships, most of whom were rescued before the ship damaged or captured. One was the CSS Virginia. The CSS Virginia was built from the Union captured ship, the USS Merrimack. The Merrimack was repaired first, then covered with iron plates and fitted with a ram. On March 8, 1862, the CSS Virginia began its maiden voyage to the battle, the sinking of the USS Cumberland and USS Congress destruction after the ship was forced to surrender and give up his crew. The CSS Virginia turned to the USS Minnesota, but the night was approaching that of Virginia was forced to wait until tomorrow. During a very short time USS Virginia terror into the hearts of the leaders of the Union. However, the next day when she went to Minnesota, he found the ship covered with iron in the Union, the USS Monitor was to come.

This battle ended in a draw and two months later, the crew of Virginia was forced to scuttle. The building of the CSS Alabama was actually a spy operation. The British government had formally declared neutrality during the Civil War. However, the Confederation Navy Commander John Bulloch traveled to England and a secret contract with the Laird of Birkenhead built in Alabama. At the end of sails to the island of Terceira in the Azores, located in international waters. She sailed as a captain and crew Civil Enrica. Upon arrival in the Azores, which was equipped as a warship under the command of Captain Raphael Semmes. The CSS Alabama was the only one who has never been anchored in a port of the Confederacy. A three-masted schooner with auxiliary engines and steam, she sailed around the world merchant ships of the assault of the Union. In June 1864, which eventually landed at Cherbourg, France, for repairs. She was spotted by the USS Kearsarge and the challenge of the battle. Captain Semmes decided to fight against its power, but the gun was ineffective against the Kearsarge impermeable upper and artillery were overcome quickly and Kearsarge sank the Alabama.

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