Hornby Railways through the Ages

Back Hornby Railways roots “for 1901, when Frank Hornby, a clerk from Liverpool, invented and patented line of construction toys Meccano. He had previously created model toys for his son using sheet metal, and concluded that regular perforations in structural pieces could be used to unite them with the nuts and bolts, as well as magazines and axle shafts. In 1908, Meccano Ltd. was established, and in 1920, trade under the name Hornby Railways, the company produced the first Hornby train sets.

Initially, the trains from Liverpool were produced clockwork powered and sized at 1:48 scale, or size 0, so called because it appeared at that time seemed impossible to make smaller model trains . Electric trains were introduced shortly after, but they were relatively unsuccessful in part because of its design, and were abandoned. In 1925, a set of light rail’s most successful has been introduced, which operate at high voltage (220-240V) power, but because of security concerns, this was changed to 4V, 6V, then, and finally, a reliable 20V in early 1930.

The production also began in France where he developed a series of hourly local trains, but in other markets, produced trains became British export success, with many trains are sold in New Zealand, Australia, Argentina and Scandinavia. These Hornby locomotives were painted in the livery often local, but still distinctly British turned towards them.

Hornby attempted to enter the U.S. market has been less successful. The creation of a factory in New Jersey in 1927, Hornby found its trains were left in place the price of local competitors, and despite the American-made trains are colorful and attractive, that were not enough to point to sophisticated high-end market. The Wall Street crash of 1929 did not help matters, and in 1930, Hornby has disappeared from the market of the United States.

In 1938, Hornby introduced a range of 00 gauge (1:76 scale) trains, named Hornby Dublo, which were very successful. These locomotives were deposited, with carts and cars, mainly made of tin. The range of said DC 12 V and a width of 00, as the de facto standard for model trains in the UK, but production was interrupted during World War II.

After the war, Hornby thrived initially, but ran into trouble in late 1950. The company was slow to recognize the threat posed by rival manufacturers, particularly Triang-Rovex and realize the potential of plastic. The company launched a two track rails and molded plastic laminated rock in 1959, but the system was too complicated to use compared to its rivals, and kept in producing miniature train track 0, which were in the hat is now considered as old.

Hornby then by changes in business ownership. In 1964 it was purchased by the parent company of rival Tri-Ang Railways and incorporated in the Tri-Ang Hornby, Hornby stopped designing for the cheapest Tri-Ang Hornby Dublo and tools sold to G & R Wrenn. Tri-Ang Hornby was then sold Dunbee-Combex-Marx, becoming Hornby Railways in 1972, the increase in retail product line to compete with new companies such as Airfix.

In late 1970, Hornby introduced the control system from scratch. Although an important step, which failed for several reasons – control units and modules before the trains were very expensive, the system works well, and once Hornby trains were equipped with a Zero modules could not operate in conventional systems.

In 1980, the market was very hard, although its parent company folded, Hornby Hobbies was formed after a management buyout, IPO in 1986. In the 1990s Hornby moved its production to Guangdong province in China, reducing costs and improving quality in response to a market increasingly competitive.

Hornby has bought in recent years many of its competitors, including Corgi Classics, Rivarossis, Arnold, Lima, Airfix and Humbrol, with its main competitor just Bachman and Dapol. It is generally accepted among modellers that Hornby trains are better and more detailed than Bachmann models, which is somewhat ironic, because it was the support of Bachmann and others, leading to move production to Hornby of China.

Hornby currently produce a wide range of steam and diesel model trains very detailed, including digital and steam trains, called the Hornby Live Steam range and range of resin accessories and track, the name and Skaledale Lyddle end, for the caliber and 00 gauge (1:148 scale N) varies from trains, respectively.

Besides these products, under license, such as Thomas the Tank Engine and Hornby Hogwarts Express lines have been particularly profitable for the company and firmly consolidate the place of Hornby as a leading brand in the UK model railway.

Paul Jones, is an avid fan of the model and has been involved with the assembly model, design and painting for over 20 years.

You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site.

Leave a Reply

Powered by WordPress | Designed by: Download Premium WordPress Themes | Thanks to Themes Directory, Best Free WordPress Themes and Themes Gallery