Chevrolet Camaro – One of the most popular cars for modification in automotive history

The Chevrolet Camaro is a compact car introduced in North America by the Chevrolet Motor Division of General Motors in the early 1967 model year as competition for the Ford Mustang.Although it was technically a compact (by the standards of the time), the Camaro, as the entire class of Mustang competitors, was soon known as a pony car.

Although the name of the car was artificial that has no meaning, General Motors researchers found the word in a French dictionary as a slang term for “friend” or “companion.” The Ford Motor Company researchers discovered other definitions, including “a shrimp-like creature” and an obscure term for “loose stools”! In some automotive periodicals before official release, which was code-named “Panther”.

Four distinct generations of the car were produced.

A generation

1967

Share mechanical 1968 Chevrolet Nova, the Camaro featured unibody structure. Chevrolet offered the car in two body styles, a coupe and convertible. About 80 factories and 40 options, including three main packages dealers were avaible.

* RS Package included many cosmetic changes such as RS badging, hidden headlights, blacked out grill, modified taillights and interior trim.

* Package includes modified SS 5.7L (350 cubic inches) V8 engine (first 350 in ³ engine ever offered by Chevrolet), also L35 396 in ³ “big block” was avaible. SS featured non-functional air inlets on the hood, special grille and black stripes. Could order both – RS and SS packages to receive RS / SS Camaro. In 1967 Camaro RS / SS Camaro convertible to 396 in ³ engine paced the Indianapolis 500 race.

* Z28 option code was introduced in 1966. This option package was not mentioned in any sales literature so was unknown by most buyers. The only way to order Z28 package was to call the base Camaro Z28 option, front disc brakes, power steering and transmission 4-speed Muncie.

Z28 package presented single 302 in ³ “small block” engine, designed to compete in the Club of America Trans Am racing series (which required engines smaller availablity 305 in ³ and public parking).

The power of this engine was announced cataloged 290 horses (216 kW) while actual dyno readings is estimated at 360 to 400 hp (269-298 kW). Z28 also came with upgraded suspension and racing stripes on the hood. It was possible to combine Z28 package with RS package. Z28 only 602 were sold.

Generation 2

The largest is the second generation Camaro featured an all-new body and improved suspension elegant. The 1970-1/2 Camaro debuted as a 2 +2 coupe, not convertible was offered and did not appear until well into the third generation.

Most components of the engine and transmission were carried over from 1969, with the exception of the 230 in ³ (3.8 L) six cylinder – the base engine is now 250 in ³ (4.1 L) evaluated six to 155 hp (116 kW).

The most powerful engine was a 396 L-78 in ³ (6.5 L) V8 rated at 375 horsepower (280 kW). (From 1970, the 396 in ³ big block V8 402 in ³ is displaced (6.6 L), but Chevrolet has chosen to keep the emblem 396.) Two motors 454 in ³ (7.4 L), LS LS-6 and 7 – were listed on early specification sheets but never made in production.

Besides the base model, buyers could choose the “Rally Sport” option with a nose and a distinctive front bumper, a package of “Super Sport”, and “Z-28 Special Package” with a new high-performance 360 hp (268 kW) 350 in ³ (5.7 L) V8 cid.
1972

The 1972 Camaro suffered two major setbacks. A UAW strike at a GM assembly plant in Ohio disrupted production for 174 days, and 1100 Camaros had to be rejected because it did not meet federal safety standards bumper 1973.

Some GM seriously considered dropping the Camaro and Firebird altogether, while others were convinced the models remained commercial. The latter group eventually convinced those in favor of abandoning cars F to reconsider, and Chevrolet would produce 68,656 Camaros in 1972, the lower production numbers for any model year.

Generation 3

1982

The Model 1982 introduced the first Camaros with fuel injection from the factory four-speed automatic transmission with three speeds (previous models), the five-speed manual (four-speed manual transmissions, in 1982, and some models from 83 to 84 wheels), 15 or 16 inches, the hatchback body style, and even a four-cylinder engine for a brief period (due to concerns about fuel economy).

The Camaro Z28 was Motor Car magazine trend of the year for 1982.

1985

In 1985, Chevrolet introduced a new Camaro model – the famous IROC-Z, named after the popular racing series. Camaro IROC-Z featured upgraded suspension, special decal package and a tuned port injection taking third-generation Camaro Chevrolet_Corvette also had a suspension system that was more capable in corners than the previous generation.

The Camaro IROC-Z was on Car and Driver magazine Ten list of the best for 1985.

Engines

* 1978-1981 5.7 L (350 cubic inches) V8 small block

* 1982-1985 2.5 L (151 in ³) Iron Duke L4

* 1982-1984 2.8 L (173 in ³) LC1 V6

* 1985-1989 2.8 L (173 in ³) V6 LB8

* 1990-1992 3.1 L (191 in ³) 60 Gen II V6

* 1982-1992 5.0 L (305 cubic inches) V8 small block

* 1985-1992 5.7 L (350 cubic inches) V8 small block

Generation 4

1993

1993 began the fourth generation and last generation of Camaros, lasting through the 2002 model year. Production of the fourth and final generation was moved from GM’s Van Nuys, California assembly plant that of Ste. Therese, Quebec in 1993.

Although the car is no longer produced in the U.S., the new design that incorporates lightweight body panels of plastic on a steel chassis space, and better suspension, further improved on the line Camaro.

From 1993 to 1997, the Camaro was available with the LT-1 engine, the same second-generation small block V8 used in the Corvette, but a little tune.

In 1996, the long abandoned “SS” was resurrected in 1998, the new generation of LS-1 III small block engine was offered in the SS and Z28 Camaros, marking the end of generation small block V8 that had its roots in the Chevrolet 265 in ³ engine from 1955. Unfortunately, sales were below expectations, and the production of the Camaro ceased in 2002.
1998

In 1998, a new lightweight design for the Camaro. The new design eliminates the previous recessed-light design present in the 1982-1997 Camaro. The vents on the hood of false were also eliminated. In addition, the LT1 engine was removed and instead an LS1 in place.
Engines

* 1993-1995 3.4 L (208 in ³) 60 Gen III V6

* 1995-2002 3.8 L (231 in ³) 3800 Series II V6

* 1993-1997 5.7 L (350 cu in) LT1 V8

* 1998-2002 5.7 L (350 in ³) LS1 V8

2002

2002 marked the final year of the Chevrolet Camaro and was also the 35th anniversary of the Camaro. This step was celebrated with a special anniversary car modified from the factory by SLP. The anniversary package was only available in SS (Super Sport).

Engine modifications are available in more than 325 HP (242 kW) engine which all Super Sports produce. Silver strips running down the hood and trunk lid made the car more responsive than ever – especially against painting Rally Red (the only color available with the package birthday).

The car also had the slogan attached to it “leaves a lasting impression” and had the logo embroidered on the seats. The car was only available in convertible or with T-Tops. 3000 Camaro with the anniversary package were produced for the U.S. and 152 for Canada.

Though production Camaros were never as fast as the flagship Corvette, the car costs less than half as much and was easily modified. If frequent inclusion in automotive magazines fans is any indication, the Chevy Camaro is one of the most popular cars for modification in automotive history.

Throughout its history, the Camaro shared its internal body and major components with a sister car – the Pontiac Firebird.

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